We will no longer be supporting IE7 and below as a web browser effective June 1st 2020. Click here for more information.

Sign In

Lake Simcoe Region Conservation Authority

Skip Navigation LinksLake Simcoe Region Conservation Authority > Subwatershed Plans

​​​​​​​Subwatershed Plans 

Implementation Report

To meet the recommendations of the Lake Simcoe Protection Plan (LSPP), the ​Lake Simcoe Region Conservation Authority (LSRCA) and its partners have been developing subwatershed plans to focus protection and restoration efforts in Lake Simcoe's subwatersheds. After the plans are completed, LSRCA continues to work with municipal and provincial partners to​​​ implement plan recommendations.

This report summarizes progress made in achieving subwatershed plan recommendations.

​​Lake​ Simcoe Subwatershed Plans Implementation Report​​ (Published 2018)

Subwatershed Plans

Barrie Creeks, Lovers Creek and Hewitt's Creek Subwatershed Plan

This subwatershed plan looks at the Barrie Creeks, Lovers Creek, and Hewitt's Creek subwatersheds, located in the west-central portion of the Lake Simcoe watershed around the tip of Kempenfelt Bay. These subwatersheds fall mainly within the City of Barrie and Town of Innisfil, with very small portions found in the Townships of Oro-Medonte and Springwater.​

Barrie Creeks, Lovers Creek, and Hewitt's Creek Subwatershed Plan (Published: 2012)

Implementation Plan: 2013-2017​ (Published 2012)​

​Beaver River Subwatershed Plan

The Beaver River is the Lake Simcoe watershed's easternmost subwatershed. The subwatershed is 327.3 km2 in area, with 85.1% of its area within Durham Region and the remaining 14.9% within the City of Kawartha Lakes. The subwatershed includes the Townships of Brock, Scugog, and Uxbridge and the communities of Beaverton, Cannington, Sunderland, Blackwater, Lorneville, Woodville, and Derryville.

Beaver River Subwatershed Plan (Published 2012)

Black River Subwatershed

The Black River subwatershed occupies 375 square kilometres of land south of the eastern portion of Lake Simcoe. With the headwaters originating on the Oak Ridges Moraine, the Black's watercourses flow mainly through natural features and agricultural areas throughout much of the system before reaching the community of Sutton and the outlet into Lake Simcoe.​

Black River Subwatershed Plan (Published 2010)

Canal and Mitchell Lakes, Talbot River and Whites Creek Subwatershed Plan

This subwatershed plan looks at the lakes, rivers and tributaries that make up the Canal and Mitchell Lakes, Talbot River, and Whites Creek subwatersheds, located in the northeast of the Lake Simcoe watershed. The subwatersheds fall within the upper tier municipalities of Simcoe County, Durham Region, and the City of Kawartha Lakes, as well as the lower tier municipalities of the Township of Ramara and the Township of Brock. The Whites Creek and Talbot River subwatersheds are 10,540 ha and 36,908 ha in area, respectively. Canal and Mitchell Lakes are located completely within the Talbot River subwatershed and measure 846 ha and 275 ha in area, respectively.

Canal and Mitchell Lakes, Talbot River and Whites Creek Subwatershed Plan​​​​ (Published 2016)

Canal and Mitchell Lakes, Talbot River and Whites Creek Implementation Plan: 2016 - 2021

​East Holland River Subwatershed Plan

The Holland River is located in the southwest corner of the Lake Simcoe watershed. It is composed of two major tributaries, the East Holland and the Holland/Schomberg. The East Holland River is the smaller of the two, draining approximately 243 square kilometres, or 41%, of the total subwatershed.

East Holland River Subwatershed Plan (Published 2010)

York Region Subwatershed Implementation Plan: 2013 - 2017 (Published 2013)​

Georgina, Fox and Snake Islands Subwatershed Plan

This subwatershed plan studies the three islands and mainland area that make up the Georgina, Fox and Snake Islands subwatershed, located in the southern portion of Lake Simcoe. The subwatershed is owned by the Chippewas of Georgina Island First Nation and falls within the Regional municipality of York. The total subwatershed area is 1.4 km2, comprising 0.5% of the Lake Simcoe watershed.​​​

Georgina, Fox and Snake Islands Subwatershed Plan (Published 2017)

Innisfil Creeks Subwatershed Plan

This subwatershed plan looks at the tributaries that make up the area known as the Innisfil Creeks subwatershed, which drain into the western side of Lake Simcoe, including Cook's and Kempenfelt Bays. Almost all of the subwatershed area falls within the Town of Innisfil, with 3% falling within the City of Barrie and 1% in the Town of Bradford West Gwillimbury. The subwatershed is 107 km2 in area, and consists of 17 named streams, most of which have their headwaters in agricultural areas, and then flow downstream, some through urban areas, before entering the lake.

Innisfil Creeks Subwatershed Plan (Published: 2012)

Maskinonge River Subwatershed Plan

The Maskinonge River subwatershed is located in the south-central portion of the larger Lake Simcoe watershed. It has a drainage area of approximately 60 square kilometres, a little more than two percent of the entire Lake Simcoe watershed. Since the mid-1980s, the Maskinonge River has been plagued by the excessive growth of algae and aquatic plants, most noticeably duckweed.

Maskinonge River Subwa​tershed Plan​ (Published 2010)

Oro & Hawkestone Creeks Subwatershed Plan

This subwatershed plan looks at three separate, but fairly similar, subwatersheds lying in the northwest portion of the Lake Simcoe watershed, with their headwaters originating on the Oro Moraine: Oro Creeks North (75 km2 within the Township of Oro-Medonte, with just over 20% falling within the City of Orillia), Hawkestone Creek (48 km2 entirely within the Township of Oro-Medonte), and Oro Creeks South (57 km2 also fully within the Township of Oro-Medonte). This subwatershed plan was prepared under the direction of the Lake Simcoe Protection Plan (LSPP).

Oro & Hawkestone Creeks Subwatershed Plan (Published 2013)

Implementation Plan: 2014 - 2018 (Published 2013)

Pefferlaw River Subwatershed Plan

The Pefferlaw River subwatershed is approximately 425 km2 in area, located on the eastern side of the Lake Simcoe watershed. It lies almost entirely within the Regional Municipality of Durham, with a small portion in York Region. It includes the Townships of Brock, Scugog, Uxbridge, and Georgina, and the communities of Pefferlaw, Udora, Sandford, and Siloam.

Pefferlaw River Subwatershed Plan (Published 2012)

Ramara Creeks Subwatershed Plan

This subwatershed plan looks at the tributaries that make up the Ramara Creeks subwatershed, located in the northeast of the Lake Simcoe watershed. The subwatershed falls entirely within the Township of Ramara, and includes the communities of Brechin, Bayshore Village, and the unique canal community of Lagoon City. It is 137 km2 in size, and consists of a number of tributaries, many of which are primarily municipal drains flowing through agricultural areas. These include the Donnelly, Gettings, McNabb, Harrington, Murray, O’Connell, and Ross Drains, as well as a natural watercourse called Wainman’s Creek.

Ramara Creeks Subwatershed Plan (Published 2015)​

Implementation Plan: 2015 - 2020 (Published 2015)

​West Holland River Subwatershed Plan

The West Holland River subwatershed occupies 354 square kilometres of land immediately to the southwest of the tip of Lake Simcoe's Cook's Bay. Originating on the Oak Ridges Moraine, the headwaters of the subwatershed flow through mainly forested and agricultural areas before entering the Holland Marsh. The system then flows past the Town of Bradford, and then past forested and agricultural areas before discharging into Lake Simcoe.

West Holland River Subwatershed Plan (Published 2010)​​