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Lake Simcoe Region Conservation Authority

Skip Navigation LinksLake Simcoe Region Conservation Authority > LANDOWNER ASSISTANCE > Eligible Projects > Planting Trees & Shrubs

​Planting Trees & Shrubs

To help landowners naturalize their property and provide multiple environmental benefits including helping reduce the impacts of climate change, increasing wildlife habitat, helping control erosion and flooding, improving air and water quality, and decreasing home energy costs. There are four categories of tree and shrub planting:

  • Reforestation – planting in large blocks of land
  • Riparian (buffer) – planting along shorelines (tributary, creek, stream, lake, etc)
  • Windbreaks – planting along edges of fields and roadways
  • Community Projects – working with community groups to naturalize areas

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What projects are eligible?

  • Reforestation and windbreak projects are only eligible on properties of at least two (2) acres in size
  • Reforestation projects on floodplains, marginal or fragile croplands, or groundwater recharge areas.
  • Planting buffer strips along watercourses, wetlands, or other water bodies
  • Installing tree windbreaks to prevent wind erosion
  • Community-led tree and shrub planting projects that support the health of Lake Simcoe

Project Details

  • Landowners within the Lake Simcoe watershed may qualify for grants of 50% of project costs for eligible projects to a maximum of $10,000 depending on the project.
  • Additional funds may be available from other environmental grant funding sources. LSRCA Stewardship Technicians will ensure that you are made aware of all grant funding programs available to you.
  • Each tree planting category has a different LEAP funding rate and cap:
    • Reforestation – 50% up to $10,000
    • Riparian (buffer) – dependent on width of buffer; 50% for < 5m, 60% for 5-20m, 75% for >20m, to a maximum of $6,000
    • Windbreaks – 50% up to $6,000
    • Community Projects – 50% up to $6,000
  • Additional funding can be available for site preparation. Examples of site prep include: mowing, brush-hog area, spraying, plough & disking, cultivating, applying cover crop, staking, etc. Site preparation is highly recommended as it provides the trees the best chance of survival.

What costs may be covered?

  • Site assessment and planting design
  • Trees, shrubs and planting costs
  • Establishment of cover crops on tilled land when in conjunction with tree planting
  • Portions of site preparation cost

What isn't covered?

  • Taxes
  • Commercial stock, fruit trees, or trees established for Christmas tree production
  • Machinery or equipment owned and used by the applicant, family dependents or the applicant's business
  • Large nursery stock, as used for landscaping. Seedlings and bare root stock are preferred
  • Labour of applicant, family dependents or the applicant's business
  • If you have an outstanding violation with the LSRCA, you may not be eligible for funding
  • Work that proceeds prior to funding approval does not qualify for funding assistance.

Conditions

  • If LSRCA services are not utilized, it is recommended that a private consultant with membership in the Ontario Professional Foresters Association be retained.
  • The participant/partner is responsible for the care and maintenance of trees and shrubs after planting. This includes taking reasonable measures to protect the plantation from livestock, fire, insects, rodents and disease.
  • Landowners must place a minimum order of $500 (before grants are applied,) if ordering trees from LSRCA.
  • Livestock must be excluded from the planting area.
  • LSRCA staff may perform periodic inspections of the site, typically 1, 3 and 5 years after planting, with prior notification to the landowner.
  • Safe working conditions and access must be provided to the planting crew, including the removal of debris.
  • The landowner is responsible for providing access to the planting area. If access is not available from the landowner's property they are to arrange an access point from an adjoining property.
  • The Authority is not responsible for the failure of a tree or trees to become established. While every effort is made to ensure that the plant material is of the highest quality and the trees are property installed, environmental conditions and/or poor maintenance practices may result in some mortality which is beyond the control of the Authority.
  • The nursery stock is NOT INTENDED FOR LANDSCAPE PURPOSES. Plantings are intended to accomplish several environmental benefits including naturalization, the reduction of erosion from wind and water and the improvement of wildlife habitat.
  • The nursery stock is not to be moved on the property or removed from the site and resold, or intentionally damaged by landowner or tenant.

How to Apply

Please review the following documents. You are required to print and submit by mail or hand-deliver the completed checklist, application form and project profile as a complete application package to your area Stewardship Technician.

  1. Project Guidelines
  2. Conditions and Agreement Form
  3. Applicant Information Form
  4. Project Profile Form


TIP: Use the Application Checklist to ensure you are completing/submitting all required documents. Only complete applications will be considered for funding assistance.

Please contact your Stewardship Technician to verify eligibility and to answer any questions or concerns you may have about the program or the application process. LEAP is a voluntary program and all calls are confidential.

Tree and Shrub Species Available


Seedling Species

​(15-40 cm bare root stock)

Species Site Requirements Shade Tolerance Average Mature Size Salt Resistance
Coniferous Species:
White Pine
Pinus strobus
grows well on a wide range of soils including moist sands, loams and well-drained clays semi-tolerant height - 30m
diameter - 100cm
low
Red Pine
Pinus resinosa
does well on deep, well-drained sands or sandy loams intolerant height - 25m
diameter - 75cm
low
White Spruce
Picea glauca
suits a range of soils from moist sands to sandy and clay loams tolerant height - 25m
diameter - 60cm
low
Norway Spruce
Picea abies
moist, sandy loams and clay loams tolerant height - 35m
diameter - 130cm
moderate
White Cedar Thuja occidentalis grows well on a wide range of soils tolerant height - 15m
diameter - 30cm
low
Tamarack
Larix laricina
grows best in moist, well-drained soils, but often dominates poorly drained areas intolerant height -25m
diameter - 40cm
high
European Larch
Larix decidua
does well on well-drained loams and sandy loams intolerant height - 30m
diameter - 100cm
high
Deciduous Species:
Red Oak
Quercus rubra
grows best in fresh to moist, well-drained loamy soils, but will tolerate rocky or gravelly upland, acidic soils semi-tolerant height - 25m
diameter - 75cm
high
Black Walnut
Juglans nigra
suited for deep, moist well- drained loams or sandy or silt loams intolerant height - 30m
diameter - 100cm
moderate

Hardwood Tree Species

​(150 cm minimum bare root stock)

Species
Site Requirements
Shade Tolerance
Average Mature Size
Salt Resistance
Sugar maple Acer saccharum
grows in deep, fertile, moist, well-drained sandy loams, loamy sands and silt loams
tolerant
height - 24m diameter-75cm
moderate
Silver maple Acer saccharinum
grows in rich, moist, bottom land fine textures silt and clay soils, but will also tolerate dry conditions
semi-tolerant
height - 21m diameter-60cm
moderate
Red oak Querus rubra
grows best in fresh to moist, well-drained loamy soils, but will tolerate rocky or gravelly upland, acidic soils
semi-tolerant
height - 25m diameter-75cm
high
Bur oak Querus macrocarpa
grows best in rich bottom land, well-drained loam; will tolerate dry sand to poorly drained clay
semi-tolerant
height - 15m diameter-60cm
high
Black walnut Juglans nigra
grows best in moist, well-drained loams or sandy or silt loams
intolerant
height - 30m diameter-100cm
moderate
Black cherry Prunus serotina
grows best on well-drained, rich loamy soils but will tolerate most soils (dry to moist soils)
intolerant
height - 21m diameter-45cm
moderate
Eastern cottonwood Populus deltoides
wet soils boardering streams
intolerant
height - 26m diameter-60cm
high
Carolina poplar Populus x canadensis
very hardy, wide range of soils
intolerant
height - 23m diameter-60cm
high
Balsam poplar Populus balsamifera
grows best in moist, rich, low lying soils, mainly near streambanks
intolerant
height - 18m diameter-30cm
moderate
Basswood Tilia americana
grows best in deep, moist, well-drained, fertile loamy soils, but will tolerate other sites
semi-tolerant
height - 21m diameter-60cm
moderate
Hackberry Celtis occidentalis
grows best in moist, rich, low lying soils, will tolerate dry, rocky soils
semi-tolerant
height - 18m diameter-60cm
low

Wildlife Shrub Species

​(25-60 cm bare root stock)

Species
Habitat
Soil
Growth Form
Use
Nannyberry Viburnum lentago
moist to well- drained sandy soils
wetlands, forest edges, thickets, streambanks
erect, suckering shrub, height up to 6m
food for wildlife, erosion control, naturalization
Alternate- leaved dogwood Cornus alternifolia
well-drained soils
hillsides, ravine slopes, open forests, thickets
multi-stemmed shrub, height up to 6m
food for wildlife, erosion control
Grey dogwood Cornus racemosa
moist to well- drained sandy soils
roadsides, fencerows, streambanks,
multi-stemmed shrub, height up to 3m
food for wildlife, erosion control, naturalization
Red osier dogwood Cornus sericea
fertile, acidic soils, moist to wet sites
variable, most moist to wet sites
multi-stemmed shrub, height up to 3m
food for wildlife, erosion control, naturalization
Highbush cranberrry Viburnum trilobum
fertile, moist soils
streambanks, open woods, thickets, around wetlands
multi-stemmed suckering shrub, height up to 4m
food for wildlife, erosion control, naturalization
Common elderberry Sambucus canadensis
sandy to loamy acidic soils
forest edges, roadsides, wetlands, thickets
multi-stemmed shrub, height up to 4m
food and cover for wildlife, naturalization
Serviceberry Amelanchier spp.
moist to dry sandy, acidic soils
wide variety of sites
multi-stemmed shrub, height up to 3m
food for wildlife, aesthetics
Chokecherry Prunus virginiana
grows in well- drained to moist soils
wide variety of sites
multi-stemmed tree that form thickets, height up to 3m
food for wildlife, erosion control, aesthetics
Pussy willow Salix discolor
moist sandy, silty, or gravelly soils
along streambanks, wet thickets
multi-stemmed tree, height up to 6m
erosion control, naturalization
Heart-leaved willow Salix cordata
moist sandy, silty, or gravelly soils
banks and shores of streams
multi-stemmed tree, height up to 3m
erosion control, naturalization
Sandcherry Prunus pumila
dry and wet conditions
wide variety of sites
low spreading shrub, height up to 2m
foood for wildlife, naturalization, erosion control
Staghorn sumac Rhus typhina
can grow in very dry, poor conditions
open fields, ridges, streambanks, forest edges
erect, suckering tree, height up to 3m
for wildlife, erosion control, naturalization, food
Silverberry Elaeagnus commutata
dry, sandy, gravelly, clayey soils
streambanks, clearings, edges of thickets
upright, shrub that forms thickets, height up to 2m
naturalization, erosion control
Snowberry Symphoricarpos albus
dry sandy, gravelly soils
thickets, well drained slopes and ridges
low, multi-stemmed suckering shrub, height up to 1m
winter food for wildlife, erosion control